et al 2007
and the latitudinal diversity gradient: speciation, extinction and
did latitudinal gradients arise? This paper looks at some of the competing
theories and outlines some research for the future.
et al 2007
delayed rise of present-day mammals
new ideas of phylogenetic trees, mammal evolution is seen as being
farther back and not affected by the K-T events.
reversals of upland-riparian
diversity gradients in the Sonoran Desert
can be seen in temporal as well and geographic settings.
et al 2007
diversity in East African biodiversity hotspots: altitudinal and latitudinal
are more complex than they seem with similar species reacting in different
ways to a similar change of conditions.
and Skov 2007
the tree diversity pattern in Europe be generated by postglacial dispersal
Climate as a control is hotly debated. This study suggests it does
exert an influence on distribution.
et al 2007
size matter for dispersal distance?
this depends on the method of dispersal especially for active, but
not passive, dispersal. Such increase in complexity obviously affects
studies such as island biogeography.
et al 2007
the impact of climate variability on European plant diversity: 320
000 years of water–energy dynamics and its long-term influence
and water dynamics can help explain the diversity ofplant species
but the model is less predictive in times of considerable climatic
and Ricklefs 2007
latitudinal gradient in large-scale beta diversity for vascular plants
in North America
scale study of plant families in North America shows decline in diversity
with increasing latitude in agreement with predictions.
et al 2006
Plant Diversity in the Neotropics
study links changes in diversity to inferred temperature levels.
and Renno 2006
biogeography of South
American freshwater fishes
of fish show a far more complex set of interacting forces for dispersal
or zonation? Altitudinal gradients in the forest vegetation
of Mt. Kilimanjaro
principal causes of vegetation change but also notes how studies nearby
might have been influenced by methodology.
and Hennig 2006
tests of the vicariance model in Mediterranean land snails
of land snails in the Meditteranean suggest that speciation models
other than vicariance were important contrary to expectations.
Gaines and Brown 2005
Invasions Exceed Extinctions on Islands Worldwide:
A Comparative Study of Plants and Birds. American Naturalist. 160(6).
research suggests that species richness may vary between groups of
organisms. Globaly it might be decreasing but sub-global results are
more varied and suggest a need to research these scale more to see
what the effect might be.
et al 2005
patterns of plant diversity
and floristic knowledge
outlining the first vascular plant map based on ecoregions and the
implications of same.
and Waters 2005
biogeographic disjunction in central New Zealand
of a sea-star highlight the impact of ocean upwellings in creating
and Broll 2005
and response of northern hemisphere altitudinal and polar treelines
to environmental change at landscape and local scales
reminder that not all changes in vegetation pattern are due to 'climate
change'. Using different scales, different responses can be seen to
a range of factors.
Diversity and Genetic Diversity: Parallel Processes and Correlated
Patterns. American Naturalist 166(2) 199–215
to link and predict species and genetic diversity. The factors influencing
both mean that it is unlikely to find a single common pattern linking
et al 2005.
species richness scales consistently from laboratory microcosms to
the world’s oceans
perspective on speices-area relationship which suggests that, for
phytoplankton at least, it's scale independant.
and Muller 2005
in fossil diversity
may be linked to an environmental cycle.
ecological stability and biodiversity
in Phanerozoic reefs
is usually seen as a function of diversity but only over small time
scales. This study shows it might hold over millions of years as well.
et al 2005
European species Atlas distributions to a finer resolution: implications
for conservation planning
is one of the old issues in biogeography. Here there's an attempt
to match scale to problem to make sonservation more effective.
effetcs of land use history on species diversity and genetic diversity
of forest herbs.
paper looks at the connections between species and genetic diversity
with respect to land use history and landscape change.
and Lowe 2004.
in the 3,416-Myr-old ocean
that life may have existed 3.5bn years ago.
Calenge and Bise. 2004
zonation in the Neotropics of tree species characteristic of the Paraguay-Parana´
a literature search to define key ecoregions in Paraguay.
et al 2004
Holocene vegetation history and island biogeography of the Isle of
Man, British Isles
radiocarbon methods to explain differences in vegetation between the
isalnd and the mainland
and Hennig 2004
vicariance shape biotas?
Biogeographical tests of the vicariance model in the north-west European
land snail fauna
vicariance patterns have been altered by subsequent post-speciational
dispersal surroiunding glacial events
et al 2003
Plant Diversity in Eocene
South America: Evidence from
has remained high in this area for at least the last 50 million years.
Biogeography of Genes and Species. American Naturalist 162(3) 358–365
tries to make a link between species and genetic diversity arguing
that cross-disciplinary research is need to appreciate the correlations